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What is “Motion of Thanks”?

Article 87 of the Indian Constitution provides for the motion of thanks in the form of a special address by the President of India in presence of the members of both the upper and the lower house of the parliament. Article 87 mentions the following -

"(1) At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of the People and at the commencement of the first session of each year the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons

(2) Provision shall be made by rules regulating the procedure of either House for the allotment of time for discussion of the matters referred to in such address”.

The aforementioned legislation regarding the special address by the President of the Nation provides for an annual ritual in the form of a address, under which the President conducts a meeting with the members of both the House of the people and of the House of the commons, and bestows upon them a brief summary of the various milestones achieved by the government of the country throughout the previous year in order to remind the members of the parliament of the country of the significance of the work done by them and the purpose for which they exercise their powers which is for the growth and development of the Nation by catering to the needs of the citizens and providing a solution for their grievances.

Through the special address and the motion of thanks conducted by the President, the President also aims to brief the members about the future goals which the government of the country aims to overcome throughout the duration of the coming year. The motion of thanks as a practice, is conducted every year by the President at the start of the year or at the first session of the parliament after the general elections take place and a government is elected by the people of the Nation.

Certain provisions are proposed by the President during the session which contains the legislative goals to be looked and discussed upon during the forthcoming sessions. Such provisions and amendments proposed, can be further accepted by the members through a voting conducted after the motion is addressed and the members can even express their dissent to the provisions of the motion.

This article is written by Shourya Trehan of MIT WPU PUNE.

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