Why in the News
The biggest step in the 2020 local body elections is the rise of the kitex-backed political organization Twenty20, which has won a new chapter in the history of Kerala's local body elections by winning three more panchayats in its home district Ernakulam - maintaining Aizkaranad, Majhuvannur and Kunnathunad - besides Kizakkambalam.
In June 2012, the panchayat refused to renew the license of KITEX under the Charitable Societies Act on the grounds that it was contaminating water bodies from its dyeing and bleaching unit despite the clean chit of the High Court.
Later, when the Kizakkambalam panchayat also disrupted the charitable activities of KITEX and a fair organized by it, Sabu Jacob, managing director and chief coordinator of Twenty20, decided that the Rs. 1,200 company, which is the kit, mainly clothing Is under construction, will itself participate in panchayat elections. For its CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) activities.
Five years later, after tasting this success, in the Kizchakambalam panchayat, Twenty20 has proved itself to be more than a fluke. In the recent elections, it won three more panchayats in its home district Ernakulam - maintaining Aizkaranad, Majhuvannur and Kunnathunad - besides Kizakkambalam.
Twenty20 Kizhakkambalam is a non-profit organization in Kizhakkambalam of Ernakulam district in India. The prime objective of the organization is to make Kizhakkambalam Gram Panchayat the best Gram Panchayat in India by the year 2020. This organization won the unique distinction of winning the elections in the local body elections in 2015 and made Kizhakkambalam the first corporate ruled town of Kerala state.
The Societies Registration Act, 1860
The Societies Registration Act, 1860 is a law in India, which generally permits the registration of institutions involved in the benefit of society - education, health, employment, etc.
Under the Act, the Society may be formed, through a memorandum of association, by seven or more people connected for any literary, scientific or charitable purpose. The memorandum of association has to be filed with the Registrar of Societies.
Local governance in Kerala
Kerala is experimenting with decentralized and participatory local democracy, with comparative development indicators with developed countries, ultimately achieving the constitutional goal of establishing genuine "local self-government institutions" since the Kerala Panchayat Raj Act and Kerala's enactment. Purposefully done. Municipality Act in the year 1994.
In Kerala, local self-government institutions have been meaningfully empowered through mass transfer of resources as well as administrative powers. Local self-government institutions have emerged as effective agencies for the implementation of developmental programs. Developmental programs are identified and implemented through gram sabhas.
Kerala's decentralization experiment has given a prominent place to local government institutions in relation to the development of the local economy. Apart from this, LSGI also provides a good number of services to the public. The department aims to enable LSGI to become an active player in local economic development and to strengthen its service delivery system. As a result, LSGI has to be converted into people-friendly institutions with a high degree of transparency and efficiency.
Panchayati Raj System
Panchayati Raj System in Kerala began with enactment of Panchayati Raj Act in
Local governments have full administrative control, including powers
Disciplinary action for its own employees as well as employees.
Staff pattern varies according to local government.
A Gram Panchayat will have permanent employees in the range of 15-22.
Officers of other line departments transferred to local governments
Includes Agriculture Officer, Veterinarian, Medical Officer, Village Extension
The Kerala Municipal Act 1994
The Kerala Municipal Act 1994, governs the pattern, functions and services of municipalities in Kerala as per constitutional amendment. The act, which was unified for the municipalities and corporations in the state, created the constitution of city panchayats, municipal councils and municipal corporations.
Kerala Municipality Act, 1994 mandates the establishment of ward committees in each ward of the municipality.
The Kerala Municipal Act 1994 envisages the creation of three types of urban local governments.
· Nagar Panchayats for Transitional Areas.
· Municipalities for less urbanized areas and
· Municipal Corporation for more urban areas.
Kerala has not yet formed any nagar panchayat.