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We are open to it every day, and it is quietly eliminating us.

While walking on road, I am breathing the smoke from vehicle around me,

Consuming water from the tap, I am Drinking micro beads.

Having my meal, I am likely Exposed to discover Chemical component used in my food

Pollution is present everywhere in our daily routine .

It's time to realize and raise up the adverse effect on our well-being.


Pollution is derived from the Latin word 'polluere' which means 'to soil' or defile.

Pollution is to Demolish naturalness ,to spoil, especially with artificial waste.

Pollution occurs when an amount of any substance or any form of energy is put into the environment at a rate faster than it can be dispersed or safely stored. The term pollution can refer to both artificial and natural materials that are created, consumed, and discarded in an unsustainable manner. pollution in this world not only affects our life but also to other species living in this world with whom we are sharing the mother earth like planets, animals and other living things. The Air, the Water, the Land three parts which are dealing with pollution the most and all the living things are depended upon non living parts of surrounding.


  • Water Pollution

It happens when toxic poisonous and harsh chemical matter present into water bodies such as seas, lakes and rivers. These are usually created by human activity like oil spills and sewage treatment and even because some natural processes can cause water pollution.

Other reasons for water pollutions :

  • Animal and Human Waste

  • Throwing away Solid Waste

  • Runoff containing Pesticides and Fertilizers from agricultural field

  • Discharging industrial waste into water bodies

  • Air Pollution

The release of toxic and harmful Gasses, Biological Molecules and chemicals. Those pollutants are quite injurious which leads to serious health problems.

some source that donates to Air Pollution

  • Mining operations

  • exhaust gas from factories and industries

  • burning fossil fuels

  • Soil Pollution

Refers to degradation of land because of the chemical found or other toxic substance in the soil. Some xenobiotic substances change the natural form of soil and affect it worstly.

some common source that causes of soil pollutions are as follows

  • Acid rain

  • Industrial Accidents

  • Oil spills

  • Radioactive Pollution

Is define as the material polluting living organisms and their environment because of such molecules present into surrounding

while nuclear weapon production and its explosion.

the main cause of this pollution

  • power plants

  • nuclear weapon factories

  • wastes of radioactive material

  • Noise Pollution

The only pollution which is invisible but is present in our environment.

It is present in both sea as well as even on land. Noise pollution is nothing but undesirable or disturbing sound that affects the well-being of humans and other spices.

Causes of Noise pollution

  • Air Traffic

  • Construction sites

  • Animals


Environment law is a merger of rules ,regulation and agreement that controls how humans should be dependent on their environment. The reason to protect environmental law is to generate regulation for how humans can use natural resources. Environmental laws are not only objective to safeguard the environment from damage, but they also decide who can use natural resources and on what terms. Laws may control pollution, the utilization of natural resources, fish populations, mineral harvesting and animal and forest protection.

Environment Related Provisions in the Indian Constitution

Environmental protection is mentioned in the Indian Constitution as part of Directive Principles of State Policy as well as Fundamental Duties.

Directive Principles of State Policy (Part IV) Article 48A

Conservation and Protection of environment and prevention of wildlife and forests The State shall attempt to preserve and better the environment and to safeguard wildlife and the forests of the nation.

Fundamental duties (Part IV A) Article 51A

To improve and better the natural environment including lakes, wildlife, rivers, and forests, and to have care for life forms.

The most important Environmental Laws and act are as follows

  • The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

  • The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974

  • The Air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981

  • The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986

  • The ozone-depleting substances (regulation and control) rules, 2000.

  • Coastal Regulation zone notification 2018

  • The energy conservation act, 2001

  • Biological diversity act 2002

  • Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA)

  • The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010

  • Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016


Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra & Ors. v. State of Uttar Pradesh & Ors. ; Supreme Court of India