We are open to it every day, and it is quietly eliminating us.
While walking on road, I am breathing the smoke from vehicle around me,
Consuming water from the tap, I am Drinking micro beads.
Having my meal, I am likely Exposed to discover Chemical component used in my food
Pollution is present everywhere in our daily routine .
It's time to realize and raise up the adverse effect on our well-being.
Pollution is derived from the Latin word 'polluere' which means 'to soil' or defile.
Pollution is to Demolish naturalness ,to spoil, especially with artificial waste.
Pollution occurs when an amount of any substance or any form of energy is put into the environment at a rate faster than it can be dispersed or safely stored. The term pollution can refer to both artificial and natural materials that are created, consumed, and discarded in an unsustainable manner. pollution in this world not only affects our life but also to other species living in this world with whom we are sharing the mother earth like planets, animals and other living things. The Air, the Water, the Land three parts which are dealing with pollution the most and all the living things are depended upon non living parts of surrounding.
MAJORLY THERE ARE 5 TYPES OF POLLUTION
It happens when toxic poisonous and harsh chemical matter present into water bodies such as seas, lakes and rivers. These are usually created by human activity like oil spills and sewage treatment and even because some natural processes can cause water pollution.
Other reasons for water pollutions :
Animal and Human Waste
Throwing away Solid Waste
Runoff containing Pesticides and Fertilizers from agricultural field
Discharging industrial waste into water bodies
The release of toxic and harmful Gasses, Biological Molecules and chemicals. Those pollutants are quite injurious which leads to serious health problems.
some source that donates to Air Pollution
exhaust gas from factories and industries
burning fossil fuels
Refers to degradation of land because of the chemical found or other toxic substance in the soil. Some xenobiotic substances change the natural form of soil and affect it worstly.
some common source that causes of soil pollutions are as follows
Is define as the material polluting living organisms and their environment because of such molecules present into surrounding
while nuclear weapon production and its explosion.
the main cause of this pollution
nuclear weapon factories
wastes of radioactive material
The only pollution which is invisible but is present in our environment.
It is present in both sea as well as even on land. Noise pollution is nothing but undesirable or disturbing sound that affects the well-being of humans and other spices.
Causes of Noise pollution
Environment law is a merger of rules ,regulation and agreement that controls how humans should be dependent on their environment. The reason to protect environmental law is to generate regulation for how humans can use natural resources. Environmental laws are not only objective to safeguard the environment from damage, but they also decide who can use natural resources and on what terms. Laws may control pollution, the utilization of natural resources, fish populations, mineral harvesting and animal and forest protection.
Environment Related Provisions in the Indian Constitution
Environmental protection is mentioned in the Indian Constitution as part of Directive Principles of State Policy as well as Fundamental Duties.
Directive Principles of State Policy (Part IV) Article 48A
Conservation and Protection of environment and prevention of wildlife and forests The State shall attempt to preserve and better the environment and to safeguard wildlife and the forests of the nation.
Fundamental duties (Part IV A) Article 51A
To improve and better the natural environment including lakes, wildlife, rivers, and forests, and to have care for life forms.
The most important Environmental Laws and act are as follows
The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
The Air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981
The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
The ozone-depleting substances (regulation and control) rules, 2000.
Coastal Regulation zone notification 2018
The energy conservation act, 2001
Biological diversity act 2002
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (FRA)
The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act, 2016
LANDMARK JUDGEMENTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
Rural Litigation and Entitlement Kendra & Ors. v. State of Uttar Pradesh & Ors. ; Supreme Court of India
PETITIONER: RURAL LITIGATION AND ENTITLEMENT KENDRA DEHRADUN & ORS.
RESPONDENT: STATE OF U.P. & ORS.
DATE OF JUDGMENT- 12/03/1985
SEN, AMARENDRA NATH (J)
Due to lack of vegetation many landslides occurred, which killed villagers, and destroyed their homes, cattle and agricultural land. It was contended by the mining operators that the case should be dismissed by the court and the issue should be left to the administrative authorities under the Environment Protection but the Court rejected the miners’ arguments the ground that the litigation had already commenced and significant orders had been issued by the court before the adoption of the Environment Protection Act.
Orders that mine lessees whose operations were terminated by the court would be given priority for leases in new areas open to limestone mining.
Orders that the Eco-Task Force of the central department of Environment reclaim and reforest the area damaged by mining and that workers displaced by mine closure be given priority for jobs with the Eco-Task Force operations in the region.
Municipal Council, Ratlam v. Shri Vardhichand & Ors.; Supreme Court of India
PETITIONER: MUNICIPAL COUNCIL, RATLAM
RESPONDENT: SHRI VARDHICHAND & ORS.
DATE OF JUDGMENT- 29/07/1980
REDDY, O. CHINNAPPA (J)
This case issues the Ratlam municipality’s responsibilities to its human beings beneath Section 123 M. P.Municipalities Act of 1961.These responsibilities encompass the availability of sanitary centers and the prevention of road infection from a close-by alcohol plant. The citizens of the Ratlam municipality, pissed off at the shortage of sanitary centers and the infection within the streets, introduced health care towards the municipality beneath Section 133 of the Criminal Procedure Code for public nuisance.
The municipality argued that, 1) the citizens selected to stay where there aren’t any centers, and 2) the government lacked the finances essential to assemble what became required to conform.
A public authority’s path can’t be defied and if now no longer observed is punishable u/s 188 of the IPC 1860. S.188 of the IPC, Mandates the pride of following components to represent a violation, 1.A lawful order promulgated through an authority/ public servant 2. Knowledge of the order 3.Disobedience of that order 4. Result probably to comply with because of disobedience of such order.
Each of us makes decisions on a daily basis. We can drive or cycle to work. We can carry a reusable coffee mug or throw away a plastic equivalent every morning. We can ask questions about the food we buy or the clothes we purchase. While these actions may seem trivial at an individual level, at a collective level they will have a huge impact. They will grow the market for cleaner products and decrease demand for things that we know cause pollution. These personal decisions are critical and will have an impact at scale.
Approximately 91% of the world’s residents reside in areas where pollution surpasses well-being limits, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), reports.
This article is written by Farhin Ghanchi of Rizvi Law Collage.